Pranjal Nautiyal


Contact Information

Mail Address: 229 Towne Building, 220 S. 33rd St., Philadelphia, PA, USA, 19104-6315.


Doctorate in Materials Science & Engineering (2020)
Florida International University, Miami, USA.
Dissertation title – Boron Nitride Nanotube based Lightweight Metal Matrix Composites: Microstructure Engineering and Stress-Transfer Mechanics

Bachelor in Mechanical Engineering (2015)
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design & Manufacturing Jabalpur, India.


My work is focused on the study of friction, wear, and tribochemical reactions at sliding and rolling interfaces. The goal of my research is to develop smart lubricant additives that can self-manufacture into protective surface coatings under extreme contact stresses. We are exploring the potential of ceramic nanocrystals as film-forming lubricant additives, capable of synergizing with other anti-wear and extreme pressure additives to prevent the failure of bearings and gears. I am also studying tribochemical interactions between organomolybdenum friction modifiers and phosphate anti-wear additives to uncover mechanochemical pathways to obtaining low-friction reaction films under aggressive boundary contact. To accomplish these objectives, I use in-situ optical, scanning probe, and surface analytical techniques. We envisage that a fundamental understanding of film formation mechanisms will permit the development of the next generation of high-performance and environmentally friendly lubricants for a wide range of demanding applications.

Before coming to Penn, I obtained my Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from Florida International University, where I studied deformation mechanisms in nanocomposites and coatings using in-situ methods.

Awards and Fellowships

  • Trailblazers in Engineering Fellow Program 2022, College of Engineering, Purdue University, July 2022.
  • Nanomaterials and Energy Prize, Institute of Civil Engineers, London, United Kingdom, October 2020.
  • Outstanding Ph.D. Graduate Award, College of Engineering and Computing, Florida International University, Miami, August 2020.
  • Dissertation Year Fellowship, Florida International University, 2020.
  • Henry DeWitt Smith Scholarship, American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, March 2019.
  • TMS Best Paper Contest – First Place, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, March 2019.
  • Presidential Award, 2019 Outstanding Student Life Awards, Division of Academic and Student Affairs, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, April 2019.
  • Graduate Excellence in Materials Science (GEMS) Award, The American Ceramic Society, The Materials Science & Technology Meeting, Columbus, Ohio, October 2018.
  • TechConnect Defense Innovation Award, Defense TechConnect Summit, Tampa, Florida, October 2018.
  • Winner, TMS Graduate Student Poster Contest, Functional Materials Division, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society Meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, March 2018.
  • First position in Engineering Poster Presentation at the Florida Statewide Graduate Student Research Symposium, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, April 2017.
  • Presidential Fellowship by Florida International University Graduate School, Miami, 2015 – 2018.



P. Nautiyal, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, In-situ Mechanics of Materials: Principles, Tools, Techniques and Applications, Springer International Publishing, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-43320-8 (2020).

Peer-reviewed Journal Articles

  1. C. Michas, M. C. Karakan, Pranjal Nautiyal, J. G. Seidman, C. E. Seidman, A. Agarwal, K. Ekinci, J. Eyckmans, A. E. White, C. S. Chen, Engineering a living cardiac pump on a chip using high-precision fabrication, Science Advances 8, eabm3791 (2022).
  2. Pranjal Nautiyal, J. Bustillos, T. Selvam, C. Zhang, S. Seal, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, In-situ Investigation of Deformation Mechanisms Induced by Boron Nitride Nanotubes and Nano-Interphases in Ti-6Al-4V Alloy, Advanced Engineering Materials, In Press (2022).
  3. Pranjal Nautiyal, V. Wiedorn, T. Thomas, N. Bacca, A. White, A. Agarwal, Unraveling Mechanisms Governing Anisotropy in Accordion-shaped Honeycomb Microlattice Fabricated by Two-Photon Polymerization, Advanced Engineering Materials 24, 2101190 (2022).
  4. Pranjal Nautiyal, C. Zhang, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, Interfacial deformation and failure mechanisms at the single-splat length scale revealed in-situ by indentation of cold sprayed aluminum microparticles, Materials Science & Engineering A 824, 141828 (2021).
  5. T. Paul, Pranjal Nautiyal, C. Zhang, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, Role of in-situ splat sintering on elastic and damping behavior of cold sprayed aluminum coatings, Scripta Materialia 204, 114125 (2021).
  6. Pranjal Nautiyal, N. Denis, T. Dolmetsch, C. Zhang, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, Interface Engineering and Direct Observation of Strengthening Behavior in Field-Sintered Boron Nitride Nanotube-Magnesium Alloy Composite, Advanced Engineering Materials 22, 2000170 (2020).
  7. T. Thomas, A. Rubfiaro, Pranjal Nautiyal, R. Brooks, D. Dickerson, J. He, A. Agarwal, Extrusion 3D Printing of Porous Silicone Architectures for Engineering Human Cardiomyocyte-Infused Patches Mimicking Adult Heart Stiffness, ACS Applied Bio Materials 3, 5865 (2020).
  8. X. Lu, Pranjal Nautiyal, J. Bustillos, A. Loganathan, C. Zhang, Y. Chen, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, Hydroxylated boron nitride nanotube-reinforced polyvinyl alcohol nanocomposite with simultaneous improvement of mechanical and thermal properties, Polymer Composites 41, 5182 (2020).
  9. C. Young, C. Zhang, A. Loganathan, Pranjal Nautiyal, B. Boesl, and A. Agarwal, Densification and Oxidation Behavior of Spark Plasma Sintered Hafnium Diboride-Hafnium Carbide Composite, Ceramics International46, 14625 (2020).
  10. J. Bustillos, X. Lu, Pranjal Nautiyal, C. Zhang, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, Boron Nitride Nanotube Reinforced Titanium Composite with Controlled Interfacial Reactions by Spark Plasma Sintering, Advanced Engineering Materials 22, 2000702 (2020).
  11. Pranjal Nautiyal, C. Zhang, V. K. Champagne, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, In-situ creep deformation of cold-sprayed aluminum splats at elevated temperatures, Surface & Coatings Technology 372, 353-360 (2019).
  12. Pranjal Nautiyal, C. Zhang, A. Loganathan, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, High-Temperature Mechanics of Boron Nitride Nanotube “Buckypaper” for Engineering Advanced Structural Materials, ACS Applied Nanomaterials 2, 4402-4416 (2019).
  13. S. Bhusal, C. Zhang, J. Bustillos, Pranjal Nautiyal, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, A Computational Approach for Predicting Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Plasma Sprayed Ceramic Coatings from Powder to Bulk, Surface & Coatings Technology 374, 1 (2019).
  14. T. Thomas, C. Zhang, Pranjal Nautiyal, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, 3D Graphene Foam Reinforced Low-Temperature Ceramic with Multifunctional Mechanical, Electrical, and Thermal Properties, Advanced Engineering Materials 21, 1900085 (2019).
  15. A. Loganathan, Pranjal Nautiyal, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, Unraveling the Multiscale Damping Properties of 2D Layered MXene, Nanomaterials and Energy 8, 84 (2019).
  16. Pranjal Nautiyal, C. Zhang, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, Non-Equilibrium Wetting and Capture of Boron Nitride Nanotubes in Molten Aluminum During Plasma Spray, Scripta Materialia 151, 71 (2018).
  17. Pranjal Nautiyal, M. Mujawar, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, In-situ Mechanics of 3D Graphene Foam Based Ultra-stiff and Flexible Metallic Metamaterial, Carbon 137, 502 (2018).
  18. Pranjal Nautiyal, C. Zhang, V. K. Champagne, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, In-situ Mechanical Investigation of the Deformation of Splat Interfaces in Cold-Sprayed Aluminum Alloy, Materials Science & Engineering A 737, 297 (2018).
  19. Pranjal Nautiyal, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, The Mechanics of Energy Dissipation in a Three-Dimensional Graphene Foam with Macroporous Architecture, Carbon 132, 59 (2018).
  20. L. Fontoura, Pranjal Nautiyal*, A. Loganathan, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, Nacre-Inspired Graphene/Metal Hybrid by In-situ Cementation Reaction and Joule Heating, Advanced Engineering Materials 20, 1800518 (2018). [*Co-First Author with Luiza Fontoura]
  21. A. Idowu, Pranjal Nautiyal, L. Fontoura, A. Loganathan, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, Multi-Scale Damping of Graphene Foam-Based Polyurethane Composites Synthesized by Electrostatic Spraying, Polymer Composites 40, E1862 (2018).
  22. M. Antillon, Pranjal Nautiyal, A. Loganathan, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, Strengthening in Boron Nitride Nanotube Reinforced Aluminum Composites Prepared by Roll Bonding, Advanced Engineering Materials 20,1800122 (2018).
  23. T. Thomas, C. Zhang, A. Sahu, Pranjal Nautiyal, A. Loganathan, T. Laha, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, Effect of graphene reinforcement on the mechanical properties of Ti2AlC ceramic fabricated by spark plasma sintering, Materials Science & Engineering A 728, 45 (2018).
  24. Pranjal Nautiyal, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, Harnessing three dimensional anatomy of graphene foam to induce superior damping in hierarchical polyimide nanostructures, Small 13, 1603473 (2017).
  25. Pranjal Nautiyal, A. Gupta, S. Seal, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, Reactive wetting and filling of boron nitride nanotubes by molten aluminum during equilibrium solidification, Acta Materialia 126, 124 (2017).
  26. Pranjal Nautiyal, L. Embrey, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, Multi-scale mechanics and electrical transport in a free-standing 3D architecture of graphene and carbon nanotubes fabricated by pressure assisted welding, Carbon 122, 298 (2017).
  27. L. Embrey, Pranjal Nautiyal#, A. Loganathan, A. Idowu, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, 3D graphene foam induces multifunctionality in epoxy nanocomposites by simultaneous improvement in mechanical, thermal and electrical properties, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9, 39717 (2017). [#Co-First Author with Leslie Embrey]
  28. J. Bustillos, D. Montero, Pranjal Nautiyal, A. Loganathan, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, Integration of graphene in poly (lactic) acid by 3D printing to develop creep and wear-resistant hierarchical nanocomposites, Polymer Composites 39, 3877 (2017).
  29. A. Loganathan, A. Sharma, C. Rudolf, C. Zhang, Pranjal Nautiyal, S. Suwas, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, In-situ deformation mechanism and orientation effects in sintered 2D boron nitride nanosheets, Materials Science & Engineering A 708, 440 (2017).
  30. Pranjal Nautiyal, A. Loganathan, R. Agrawal, B. Boesl, C. Wang, A. Agarwal, Oxidative unzipping and transformation of high aspect ratio boron nitride nanotubes into white graphene oxide platelets, Scientific Reports 6, 29498 (2016).
  31. Pranjal Nautiyal, C. Rudolf, A. Loganathan, C. Zhang, B. Boesl, A. Agarwal, Directionally aligned ultra-long boron nitride nanotube induced strengthening of aluminum-based sandwich composite, Advanced Engineering Materials 18, 1747 (2016).
  32. Pranjal Nautiyal, J. Jain, A. Agarwal,Influence of Loading Path and Precipitates on Indentation Creep Behavior of Mg-6 wt.%Al-1 wt.%Zn, Materials Science & Engineering A 650, 183 (2016).
  33. Pranjal Nautiyal, J. Jain, A. Agarwal,Influence of microstructure on scratch induced deformation mechanisms in AZ80 magnesium alloy, Tribology Letters 61,29 (2016).
  34. K. Sambhava, Pranjal Nautiyal, J. Jain, Model based phenomenological and experimental investigation of nanoindentation creep in pure Mg and AZ61 alloy, Materials & Design 105, 142 (2016).
  35. Pranjal Nautiyal, J. Jain, A. Agarwal,A Comparative Study of Indentation Induced Creep in Pure Magnesium and AZ61 Alloy, Materials Science & Engineering A 630, 131 (2015).
  36. Pranjal Nautiyal, M. M. Seikh, O. Lebedev, A. K. Kundu, Sol-Gel Synthesis of Fe-Co Nanoparticles & Magnetization Study, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 377, 402 (2015).
  37. Pranjal Nautiyal, M. M. Seikh, V. Pralong, A. K. Kundu, Influence of bismuth on the magnetic & electrical properties of La2MnNiO6, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 347, 111 (2013).
  38. A. K. Kundu, M. M. Seikh, Pranjal Nautiyal, Bismuth Centred Magnetic Perovskites: A Projected Multiferroic, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 378, 506 (2014).
  39. V. K. Jha, Pranjal Nautiyal, M. M. Seikh, R. Chatterjee, R. Mahendiran, A. K. Kundu, Heat capacity, thermopower and magnetoresistance effects in multiferroic La0.5Bi0.5Mn0.5Fe0.5O3, Journal of Materials Science 48, 7629 (2013).


  1. A. Agarwal, B. Boesl, P. Nautiyal, C. Rudolf, C. Zhang, Aluminum Boron Nitride Nanotube Composites and Method for Making the Same, US 11,148,201 B2 (Granted, 2021).
  2. A. Agarwal, P. Nautiyal, B. Boesl, Boron Nitride Nanotube-Magnesium Alloy Composites and Manufacturing Methods Thereof, US 10,947,607 B1 (Granted, 2021).
  3. A. Agarwal, B. Boesl, A. Idowu, P. Nautiyal, J. Bustillos, Shape Memory-Based Self-Healing Polymer Composite Reinforced with Graphene Foam, US 11,059,948 B2 (Granted, 2021).
  4. A. Agarwal, T. Paul, C. Zhang, P. Nautiyal, Metal Nanoparticle Composites and Manufacturing Methods Thereof by Ultrasonic Casting, US 10,941,464 B1 (Granted, 2021).
  5. A. Agarwal, B. Boesl, C. Zhang, T. Thomas, P. Nautiyal, Method to Produce Graphene Foam Reinforced Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramic (LTCC) Composite, US 10,807,915 B1 (Granted, 2020).


  1. Metal oxide nanocrystal anti-wear additives: Tribosintering vs. tribochemistry at lubricated sliding/rolling contacts, Tribology Gordon Research Conference, Maine, USA (June 2022).
  2. Uncovering Mechanochemical Pathways to Obtaining Low Friction, Anti-wear Lubricants by In-situ Atomic Force Microscopy, STLE Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, USA (May 2022).
  3. Real Time Imaging of Deformation Mechanisms in Boron Nitride Nanotube-Metal Matrix Composites at Multiple Length Scales, TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, San Diego, California, USA (February 2020).
  4. In-situ Study of Multi-scale Deformation in Two-photon Polymerized Microlattices, MS&T Technical Meeting & Exhibition, Portland, Oregon, USA (October 2019).
  5. Determination of Bonding Strength of Cold Sprayed Splats Using In-situ Nano-scratch Technique, MS&T Technical Meeting & Exhibition, Portland, Oregon, USA (October 2019).
  6. Mechanics of Cold Spray: From Splats to Coatings, Cold Spray Action Team, Boston, Massachusetts, USA (June 2019).
  7. Graphene Foam for Engineering Stiff, Tough and Impact-Resistant Structural Composites, Study of matter at extreme conditions, Miami-Caribbean Cruise (April 2019).
  8. Real-time Deformation in Cold Sprayed Aluminum Alloy at Elevated Temperatures by In Situ Nanoindentation, TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, USA (March 2019).
  9. In-situ Investigation of Thermo-mechanical Properties of a Free-standing Boron Nitride Nanotube Buckypaper, TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, USA (March 2019).
  10. Multi-Scale Mechanics of 3D Printed Honeycomb Structures for Cardiac Tissue Engineering, 22nd Annual Boston University Photonics Center Symposium on Frontiers of Cardiac Tissue Engineering, Boston, Massachusetts, USA (November 2018).
  11. 3D Graphene Foam for Engineering Advanced Composites and Metamaterials, International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA (November 2018).
  12. Boron Nitride Nanotube Based Advanced Metal Matrix Nanocomposites for Aerospace Applications, Defense TechConnect, Tampa, Florida, USA (October 2018).
  13. In-situ Mechanics of a Super-lightweight and Ultra-stiff 3D Graphene-Metal Metamaterial, MS&T Technical Meeting & Exhibition, Columbus, Ohio, USA (October 2018).
  14. Scalable Manufacturing of Boron Nitride Nanotube Based Metal Matrix Composites, 14th International Ceramics Congress, Perugia, Umbria, Italy (June 2018).
  15. In situ Mechanical Investigation of Splat Sliding in Cold Sprayed 6061Al Coatings, International Thermal Spray Conference 2018, Orlando, Florida, USA (May 2018).
  16. Pathways for Engineering Boron Nitride Nanotube Based High-Strength Metal Matrix Composites, AeroMat 2018, Orlando, Florida (May 2018).
  17. In Situ Deformation Characteristics of a Free-standing Three-dimensional Graphene Foam-aluminum Nanohybrid, TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Phoenix, Arizona, USA (March 2018)
  18. Boron nitride nanotube reinforced aluminum composite via        solidification processing, MS&T Technical Meeting & Exhibition, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA (Oct 2017)
  19. Multi-scale mechanics and electrical transport in a free-standing 3D architecture of graphene and carbon nanotubes fabricated by pressure assisted welding, Study of Matter at Extreme Conditions, Miami-Eastern Caribbean (April 2017)
  20. Oxidative unzipping and transformation of boron nitride nanotubes into ‘white graphene oxide’ platelets, MS&T Technical Meeting & Exhibition, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA (Oct 2016)