Below is a list of Prof. Carpick’s publications. Most are available as .pdf downloads. If the article is not available, click here to request reprints by email.

Peer-Reviewed Research Publications – Accepted or Published (* – invited paper)
Invited Perspectives
Invited Technical Magazine Articles
Peer-Reviewed Conference Papers
Conference Papers
Books/Chapters in Books (* – invited chapter in book)
Edited Journal Issues
Educational Publications
Ph.D. Thesis



  1. Tribology on the Small Scale: A Modern Textbook on Friction, Lubrication, and Wear. C.M. Mate and R.W. Carpick, Oxford University Press (2019).


  1. Tribology Opportunities for Enhancing America’s Energy Efficiency: A Report to the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy at the U.S. Department of Energy. R. W. Carpick, A. Jackson, W. G. Sawyer, N. Argibay, P. Lee, A. Pachon Garcia, and K. Bennett. 127 pages (2017).  [pdf]
         In the news: TLT May 2016 Article, and TLT April 2017 Article

Publications in Refereed Journals/Transactions (* – invited paper)

  1. Friction and adhesion govern yielding of disordered nanoparticle packings: A multiscale adhesive discrete element method study. X. Liu, J. Lefever, D. Lee, J. Zhang, R.W. Carpick, J. Li. Nano Lett., in press (2021).
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c01952
  2. Bifurcation of nanoscale thermolubric friction behavior for sliding on MoS2, K.R. Hasz, M.R. Vazirisereshk, A. Martini, R.W. Carpick. Phys. Rev. Mat., 5, 083607 (2021).
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.5.083607
  3. Linescan Lattice Microscopy: A technique for the accurate measurement and mapping of lattice spacing and strain with atomic force microscopy J.B. McClimon, Z.B. Milne, K. Hasz, R.W. Carpick. Langmuir, published online (2021). DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.1c01019
  4. Molecular dynamics examination of sliding history-dependent adhesion in Si–Si nanocontacts: Connecting friction, wear, bond formation, and interfacial adhesion. J.D. Schall, Z.B. Milne, R.W. Carpick, and J.A. Harrison. Tribol. Lett., 69, 52 (2021).
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-021-01431-z
  5. How hydrogen and oxygen vapor affect the tribochemistry of silicon- and oxygen-containing hydrogenated amorphous carbon: A study combining X-ray absorption spectromicroscopy and data science methods. F. Mangolini, K.D. Koshigan, M.H. Van Benthem, J.A. Ohlhausen, J.B. McClimon, J. Hilbert, J. Fontaine, and R.W. Carpick. ACS Adv. Mat. Interf.. 13, 12610-21 (2021).
    DOI: 10.1021/acsami.1c00090
  6. Unraveling the friction evolution mechanism of diamond‐like carbon film during nanoscale running‐in process toward superlubricity. K. Wang, T. Ma, Y. Liu, J. Zhang, X. Chen, R.W. Carpick, and J. Luo. Small, 17, 2005607/1-8 (2021).
    DOI: 10.1002/smll.202005607
  7. Cooperativity between zirconium dioxide nanoparticles and extreme pressure additives in forming protective tribofilms: Toward enabling low viscosity lubricants. M.B. Elinski, P. LaMascus, L. Zheng, A. Jackson, R.J. Wiacek, and R.W. Carpick. Tribol. Lett., 68, 107/1-17 (2020).
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-020-01346-1
    Please also see: Correction to: “Cooperativity Between Zirconium Dioxide Nanoparticles and Extreme Pressure Additives in Forming Protective Tribofilms: Toward Enabling Low Viscosity Lubricants”. M.B. Elinski, P. LaMascus, L. Zheng, A. Jackson, R.J. Wiacek, and R.W. Carpick. Tribol. Lett., 69, 140/1-2 (2021).
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-021-01510-1
         In the news!
  8. Nanoscale friction behavior of transition-metal dichalcogenides: Role of the chalcogenide. M.R. Vazirisereshk, K. Hasz, M.-Q. Zhao, A.T.C. Johnson, R.W. Carpick, and A. Martini. ACS Nano, 14, 16013-16021 (2020).
    DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.0c07558
    Also see: Correction to: “Cooperativity Between Zirconium Dioxide Nanoparticles and Extreme Pressure Additives in Forming Protective Tribofilms: Toward Enabling Low Viscosity Lubricants”. M.B. Elinski, P. LaMascus, L. Zheng, A. Jackson, R.J. Wiacek, and R.W. Carpick. Tribol. Lett., 69, 140/1-2 (2021).
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-021-01510-1
  9. Origin of friction in superlubric graphite contacts. C. Qu, K. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Gongyang, R.W. Carpick, M. Urbakh, and Q. Zheng. Phys. Rev. Lett., 125, 126102 (2020).
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.126102
  10. Nanoscale run-in of silicon oxide-doped hydrogenated amorphous carbon: Dependence of interfacial shear strength on sliding length and humidity. J.B. McClimon, J. Hilbert, J.R. Lukes, and R.W. Carpick. Tribol. Lett., 68, 80 (2020).
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-020-01319-4
  11. Friction anisotropy of MoS2: Effect of tip–sample contact quality. M.R. Vazirisereshk, K. Hasz, R.W. Carpick, and A. Martini. J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 11, 6900-6906 (2020).
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c01617
  12. Quantitative determination of the interaction potential between two surfaces using frequency-modulated atomic force microscopy. N. Chan, C. Lin, T. Jacobs, R. W. Carpick, and P. Egberts. Beilstein J. Nanotech., 11, 729-739 (2020).
    DOI: 10.3762/bjnano.11.60
  13. Nanoscale in situ study of ZDDP tribofilm growth at aluminum-based interfaces using atomic force microscopy. N. Gosvami, I. Lahouij, J. Ma, and R. W. Carpick. Trib. Int., 143, 106075 (2020).
    DOI: j.triboint.2019.106075
  14. Linear aging behavior at short timescales in nanoscale contacts. K. Tian, Z. Li, Y. Liu, N. N. Gosvami, D. L. Goldsby, I. Szlufarska, and R. W. Carpick. Rev. Lett., 124, 026801 (2020).
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.026801
  15. Visualization of nanoscale wear mechanisms in ultrananocrystalline diamond by in-situ TEM tribometry. R. A. Bernal and R. W. Carpick. Carbon, 154, 132-139 (2019).
    DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2019.07.082
  16. Mechanochemical effects of adsorbates at nanoelectromechanical switch contacts. F. Yang, J. Yang, Y. Qi, M. P. de Boer, R. W. Carpick, A. M. Rappe, and D. J. Srolovitz. ACS Appl. Mat. Interf., 11, 39238-39247 (2019).
    DOI: 10.1021/acsami.9b09707
  17. Covalent bonding and atomic-level plasticity increase adhesion in silicon–diamond nanocontacts. Z. B. Milne, J. D. Schall, T. D. B. Jacobs, J. A. Harrison, and R. W. Carpick. ACS Appl. Mat. Interf., 11, 40734-40748 (2019).
    DOI: 10.1021/acsami.9b08695
  18. Sliding history-dependent adhesion of nanoscale silicon contacts revealed by in situ transmission electron microscopy. Z. B. Milne, R. A. Bernal, and R. W. Carpick. Langmuir, 35, 15628-15638 (2019).
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.9b02029
  19. Origin of nanoscale friction contrast between supported graphene, MoS2, and a graphene/MoS2heterostructure. M. R. Vazirisereshk, H. Ye, Z. Ye, A. Otero-de-la-Roza, M.-Q. Zhao, Z. Gao, A. T. C. Johnson, E. R. Johnson, R. W. Carpick, and A. Martini. Nano Lett., 19 5496-5505 (2019).
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b02035
  20. The strong effect on MEMS switch reliability of film deposition conditions and electrode geometry. C. Oh, C. B. Stovall, W. Dhaouadi, R. W. Carpick, and M. P. de Boer. Microelectronics Reliability, 98, 131-143 (2019).
    DOI: 10.1016/j.microrel.2019.04.023
  21. Memory distance for interfacial chemical bond-induced friction at the nanoscale. K. Tian, Z. Li, N. N. Gosvami, D. L. Goldsby, I. Szlufarska, and R. W. Carpick. ACS Nano, 13, 7425-7434 (2019).
    DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.8b09714
  22. * Invited Review Article: Insights into tribology from in situ nanoscale experiments. T. D. B. Jacobs, C. Greiner, K. J. Wahl, and R. W. Carpick. MRS Bulletin, 44, 478-486 (2019).
    DOI: 10.1557/mrs.2019.122
  23. Investigation of the mechanics, composition, and functional behavior of thick tribofilms formed from silicon- and oxygen-containing hydrogenated amorphous carbon. J. B. McClimon, A. C. Lang, Z. Milne, N. Garabedian, A. C. Moore, J. Hilbert, F. Mangolini, J. R. Lukes, D. L. Burris, M. L. Taheri, J. Fontaine, and R. W. Carpick. Lett., 67 (2019). DOI: 10.1007/s11249-019-1155-x
  24. AFM at the macroscale: Methods to fabricate and calibrate probes for millinewton force measurements. N. T. Garabedian, H. S. Khare, R. W. Carpick, and D. L. Burris. Lett., 67 (2019).
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-019-1134-2
  25. Silicon oxide-rich diamond-like carbon: A conformal, ultrasmooth thin film material with high thermo-oxidative stability. F. Mangolini, J. B. McClimon, J. Segersten, J. Hilbert, P. Heaney, J. R. Lukes, and R. W. Carpick. Mat. Interf., 6, 1801416 (2019).
    DOI: 10.1002/admi.201801416
  26. Constraints on the physical mechanism of frictional aging from nanoindentation. C. A. Thom, R. W. Carpick, and D. L. Goldsby. Res. Lett., 45, 1-6 (2018).
    DOI: 10.1029/2018GL080561
  27. An in situ method for simultaneous friction measurements and imaging of interfacial tribochemical film growth in lubricated contacts. N.N. Gosvami, J. Ma, R.W. Carpick Trib. Lett., 66, 154/1-10 (2018).
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-018-1112-0
    Full text, view-only access:
  28. Nanoscale generation of robust solid films from liquid dispersed nanoparticles via in-situ atomic force microscopy: Growth kinetics and nanomechanical properties. H.S. Khare, I. Lahouij, A. Jackson, G. Feng, Z. Chen, G. Cooper, R.W. Carpick. ACS Appl. Mat. Interf., ASAP Article online (2018).
    DOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b16680
  29. Experiments and simulations of the humidity dependence of friction between nanoasperities and graphite: The role of interfacial contact quality. K. Hasz, Z. Ye, A. Martini, and R. W. Carpick. Phys Rev Materials, 2, 126001 (2018).
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.2.126001
  30. Nanotribological printing: A nanoscale additive manufacturing method. H.S. Khare, N.N. Gosvami, I. Lahouij, Z. Milne, J.B. McClimon, R.W. Carpick. Nano Lett., ASAP Article online (2018).
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b02505
         In the news!
  31. Disordered nanoparticle packings under local stress exhibit avalanche-like, environmentally-dependent plastic deformation.A. Lefever, J.P. Mulderrig, J.L. Hor, D. Lee, R.W. Carpick, Nano Letters, 18, 5418-25 (2018).
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b01640
  32. Si doping enhances the thermal stability of diamond-like carbon through reductions in carbon-carbon bond length disorder. J. Hilbert, F. Mangolini, J.B. McClimon, J.R. Lukes, R.W. Carpick. Carbon, 131, 72-8 (2018).
    DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2018.01.081
  33. Effect of silicon and oxygen dopants on the stability of hydrogenated amorphous carbon under harsh environmental conditions. F. Mangolini, B.A. Krick, T.D.B. Jacobs, S.R. Khanal, F. Streller, J.B. McClimon, J. Hilbert, S.V. Prasad, T.W. Scharf, J.A. Ohlhausen, J.R. Lukes, W.G. Sawyer, R.W. Carpick. Carbon, 130, 127-36 (2018).
    DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2017.12.096
  34. Influence of chemical bonding on the variability of diamond-like carbon nanoscale adhesion. R.A. Bernal, P. Chen, J.D. Schall, J.A. Harrison, Y.-R. Jeng, R.W. Carpick. Carbon, in press (2017).
    DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2017.11.040
  35. Structure-property relationships from universal signatures of plasticity in disordered solids. D. Cubuk, R.J.S. Ivancic, S.S. Schoenholz, D.J. Strickland, A. Basu, Z.S. Davidson, J. Fontaine, J.L. Hor, Y.R. Huang, Y. Jiang, N. Keim, K.D. Koshigan, J. Lefever, T. Liu, X.-G. Ma, D.J. Magagnosc, E. Morrow, C.P. Ortiz, J.M. Rieser, A.Shavit, T. Still, Y. Xu, Y. Zhang, K.N. Nordstrom, P. E. Arratia, R.W. Carpick, D.J. Durian, Z. Fakhraai, D.J. Jerolmack, D. Lee, Ju Li, R. Riggleman, K.T. Turner, A.G. Yodh, D.S. Gianola, A.J. Liu. Science, 358, 1033-7 (2017).
    DOI: 10.1126/science.aai8830
  36. Tribochemical wear of diamond-like carbon-coated atomic force microscope tips. Liu, Y. Jiang, D.S. Grierson, K. Sridharan, Y. Shao, T.D.B. Jacobs, M.L. Falk R.W. Carpick, and K.T. Turner. ACS Appl. Mat. Interf., 9, 35341-8 (2017).
  37. Multibond model of single-asperity tribochemical wear at the nanoscale. Shao, T.D.B. Jacobs, Y. Jiang, K.T. Turner, R.W. Carpick, and M.L. Falk. ACS Appl. Mat. Interf., 9, 35333-40 (2017).
    DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b08023
  38. Nanoscale roughness of natural fault surfaces controlled by scaledependent yield strength, C.A. Thom, E.E. Brodsky, R.W. Carpick, G.M. Pharr, W.C. Oliver, D.L. Goldsby, Res. Lett., 44, 9299-307 (2017).
    DOI: 10.1002/2017GL074663
  39. Synthesis and physical properties of phase-engineered transition metal dichalcogenide monolayer heterostructures. C. H. Naylor, W. M. Parkin, Z. Gao, J. Berry, S. Zhou, Q. Zhang, J. B. McClimon, L. Z. Tan, C. E. Kehayias, M.-Q. Zhao, R. S. Gona, R. W. Carpick, A. M. Rappe, D. J. Srolovitz, M. Drndic, and A. T. C. Johnson. ACS Nano, 11, 8619-27 (2017).
    DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b03828
  40. On the integration of ultra-nanocrystalline diamond (UNCD) with CMOS chip. H. Mi, H.-C. Yuan, J.-H. Seo, A.V. Sumant, O. Auciello, D.C. Mancini, R.W. Carpick, S. Pacheco, and Z. Ma, AIP Advances, 7, 035121/1-5 (2017).
    DOI: 10.1063/1.4979480
  41. Correcting for tip geometry effects in molecular simulations of single-asperity contact. Jiang, J.A. Harrison, J.D. Schall, K.E. Ryan, R.W. Carpick, and K.T. Turner. Trib. Lett., 65, 78/1-12 (2017).
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-017-0857-1
  42. Adhesion mechanics between nanoscale silicon oxide tips and few-layer graphene. P. Gong, Q. Li, X.-Z. Liu, R.W. Carpick, P. Egberts. Lett., 65, 61/1-14 (2017).
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-017-0837-5
  43. Nanomechanics of pH-responsive, drug-loaded, bilayered polymer grafts. P. Nalam, H.-S. Lee, N. Bhatt, R.W. Carpick, D.M. Eckmann, and R.J. Composto. ACS Appl. Mat. Interf., 9, 12936-48 (2017).
    DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b14116
  44. Large-area synthesis of high-quality monolayer 1T’-WTe2 flakes, C. Naylor, W. Parkin, Z. Gao, H. Kang, M. Noyan, R. Wexler, L. Tan, Y. Kim, C. Kehayias, F. Streller, Y.R. Zhou, R.W. Carpick, Z. Luo, Y. Park, A. Rappe, M. Drndic, J. Kikkawa, A.T. Johnson. 2D Materials, 4, 021008/1-11 (2017).
    DOI: 10.1088/2053-1583/aa5921
  45. Load and time dependence of interfacial chemical bond-induced friction at the nanoscale. Tian, N.N. Gosvami, D.L. Goldsby, Y. Liu, I. Szlufarska, and R.W. Carpick. Phys. Rev. Lett., 118, 076103/1-6 (2017).
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.076103
         In the news!
  46. Mechanisms of contact, adhesion and failure of metallic nanoasperities in the presence of adsorbates: Toward conductive contact design. Yang, R.W. Carpick, and D.J. Srolovitz, ACS Nano, 11, 490-500 (2017).
    DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.6b06473
  47. In situ oxygen plasma cleaning of microswitch surfaces—comparison of Ti and graphite electrodes. C. Oh, F. Streller, W.R. Ashurst, R.W. Carpick, and M.P. de Boer, Micromech. Microeng., 26, 115020 (2016).
    DOI: 10.1088/0960-1317/26/11/115020
  48. Scalable production of sensor arrays based on high mobility hybrid graphene field effect transistors, Gao, H. Kang, C. Naylor, F. Streller, P. Ducos, M. Serrano, J. Ping, J. Zauberman, R. Rajesh, R.W. Carpick, Y.-J. Wang, Y.W. Park, Z. Luo, L. Ren, and A.T. Johnson, ACS Appl. Mat. Interf., 8, 27546-52 (2016).
    DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b09238
  49. The evolving quality of frictional contact with graphene. Li, Q. Li, R.W. Carpick, P. Gumbsch, X.-Z. Liu, X. Ding, Jun Sun, and Ju Li. Nature, 539, 541-5 (2016).
    DOI: 10.1038/nature20135
    In the news!
  50. Monolayer single-crystal 1T’-MoTe2 grown by chemical vapor deposition exhibits a weak antilocalization effect. H. Naylor, W.M. Parkin, J. Ping, Z. Gao, Y.R. Zhou, Y. Kim, F. Streller, R.W. Carpick A.M. Rappe, M. Drndic, J.M. Kikkawa, A.T. Charlie Johnson. Nano Lett., 16, 4297–304 (2016).
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b01342
  51. Valence band control of metal silicide films via stoichiometry. Streller, Y. Qi, J. Yang, F. Mangolini, A.M. Rappe, and R.W. Carpick. J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 7, 2573–8 (2016).
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b00799
  52. Load-dependent friction hysteresis on graphene. Z. Ye, P. Egberts, G.H. Han, A.T. Johnson, R.W. Carpick, and A. Martini. ACS Nano, 10, 5161–8 (2016).
    DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.6b00639
  53. Solid state magnetic resonance investigation of the thermally induced structural evolution of silicon oxide-doped hydrogenated amorphous carbon, J. Peng, A. Sergiienko, F. Mangolini, P.E. Stallworth, S. Greenbaum, and R.W. Carpick, Carbon, 105, 163–75 (2016).
    DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2016.04.021
  54. Heterogeneity in the small-scale deformation behavior of disordered nanoparticle packings. J.A. Lefever, T.D.B. Jacobs, Q. Tam, J.L. Hor, Y.-R. Huang, D. Lee, and R.W. Carpick. Nano Lett. (2016) 16, 2455-2462. [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b05319
  55. Measurement of the length and strength of adhesive interactions in a nanoscale silicon-diamond interface. T.D.B. Jacobs, J.A. Lefever, and R.W. Carpick. Adv. Mat. Int. (2015) 2, 1400547. [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1002/admi.201400547
  56. Understanding the hydrogen and oxygen gas pressure dependence of the tribological properties of silicon oxide-doped hydrogenated amorphous carbon coatings. K. Koshigan, F. Mangolini, J.B. McClimon, B. Vacher, S. Bec, R.W. Carpick, and J. Fontaine, Carbon (2015) 93, 851-860 (2015). DOI: 10.1021/ac503409c
         In the news!
  57. A technique for the experimental determination of the length and strength of adhesive interactions between effectively rigid materials. T.D.B. Jacobs, J.A. Lefever, and R.W. Carpick. Trib. Lett. (2015) 59. [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-015-0539-9
  58. Dynamics of atomic stick-slip friction examined with atomic force microscopy and atomistic simulations at overlapping speeds. X.-Z. Liu, Z. Ye, Y. Dong, P. Egberts, R.W. Carpick, A. Martini, Phys. Rev. Lett., 114, 146102/1-4 (2015).
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.146102
         In the news!
  59. Mechanisms of antiwear tribofilm growth revealed in situ by single-asperity sliding contacts. N.N. Gosvami, J.A. Bares, F. Mangolini, A.R. Konicek, D.G. Yablon, and R.W. Carpick. Science, 348, 102-6 (2015).
    DOI: 10.1126/science.1258788
         In the news!  And here!
  60. Boron-Doped Ultrananocrystalline Diamond Synthesized with an H-Rich/Ar-lean Gas System. H. Zeng, A.R. Konicek, N. Moldovan, F. Mangolini, T.D.B. Jacobs, I. Wylie, P.U. Arumugam, S. Siddiqui, R.W. Carpick, and J.A. Carlisle, Carbon, 84, 103-117 (2015). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2014.11.057
  61. Microstructure-sensitive investigation of magnesium alloy fatigue. K. Hazeli, J. Cuadra, F. Streller, C.M. Barr, R. W. Carpick, M.L. Taheri, and A. Kontsos, Int. J. Plasticity, 68, 55-76 (2015). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ijplas.2014.10.010
  62. Three-dimensional effects of twinning in magnesium alloys. K. Hazeli, J. Cuadra, F. Streller, C.M. Barr, R. W. Carpick, M.L. Taheri, and A. Kontsos, Scripta Materialia, 100, 9-12 (2015). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2014.12.001
  63. Accounting for nanometer-thick adventitious carbon contamination in x-ray absorption spectra of carbon-based materials. F. Mangolini, J.B. McClimon, F. Rose and R.W. Carpick, Anal. Chem., 86, 12258-65 (2014). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/ac503409c
  64. Complete characterization by Raman spectroscopy of the structural properties of thin hydrogenated diamond-like carbon films exposed to rapid thermal annealing. F. Rose, N. Wang, R. Smith, Q-F. Xiao, H. Inaba, T. Mastumura, H. Matsumoto, Q. Dai, B. Marchon, F. Mangolini, R.W. Carpick,  J. Appl. Phys., 116, 123516/1-12 (2014). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.4896838
  65. Direct torsional actuation of microcantilevers using magnetic excitation, N. N. Gosvami, P. C. Nalam, A. L. Exarhos, Q. Tam, J. M. Kikkawa, R. W. Carpick, Appl. Phys. Lett., 105, 093101 (2014). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.4894737
  66. Frictional behavior of atomically thin sheets: Hexagonal-shaped graphene islands grown on copper by chemical vapor deposition. P. Egberts, G.H. Han, X.Z. Liu, A.T. Johnson, and R.W. Carpick, ACS Nano, 8, 5010-21 (2014). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/nn501085g 
  67. Fluorination of graphene enhances friction due to increased corrugation. Q. Li, X.-Z. Liu, S.-P. Kim, V.B. Shenoy, P.E. Sheehan, J.T. Robinson, and R.W. Carpick. Nano Letters, 14, 5212-17 (2014). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/nl502147t
         In the news: Penn News and TLT Magazine
  68. Atomic-scale wear of amorphous hydrogenated carbon during intermittent contact: A combined study using experiment, simulation, and theory. V. Vahdat, K.E. Ryan, P.L. Keating, Y. Jiang, S. Adiga, D. Schall, K.T. Turner, J. A. Harrison, and R.W. Carpick, ACS Nano, 7, 3221-35 (2014). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/nn501896e
  69. Simulated adhesion between realistic hydrocarbon materials: Effects of composition, roughness, and contact point, K.E. Ryan, P.L. Keating, T.D.B. Jacobs, D.S. Grierson, K.T. Turner, R. W. Carpick and J. A. Harrison, Langmuir, 8, 7027-40 (2014). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/la404342d
  70. Nanoscale adhesive properties of graphene: The effect of sliding history. X. -Z. Liu, Q. Li, P. Egberts, and R. W. Carpick, Adv. Mat. Interf., 1, (2014). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1002/admi.201300053
  71. Tunable, source-controlled formation of platinum silicides and nanogaps from thin precursor films, F. Streller, G. E. Wabiszewski, F. Mangolini, G. Feng, and R. W. Carpick, Adv. Mat. Interf. 1300120/1-6 (2014). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1002/admi.201300120
  72. Practical method to limit tip-sample contact stress and prevent wear in amplitude modulation atomic force microscopy, V. Vahdat and R.W. Carpick, ACS Nano, 7, 9836–50 (2013). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/nn403435z
  73. Wear, plasticity, and rehybridization in tetrahedral amorphous carbon. T. Kunze, M. Posselt, S. Gemming, G. Seifert, A.R. Konicek, R.W. Carpick, L. Pastewka M. Moseler, Trib. Lett., 10.1007/s11249-013-0250-7 (2013). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-013-0250-7
  74. Thermally induced evolution of hydrogenated amorphous carbon. F. Mangolini, F. Rose, J. Hilbert, R.W. Carpick, Appl. Phys. Lett., 103, 161605/1-4 (2013). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.4826100
  75. Environmental dependence of atomic-scale friction at graphite surface steps, P. Egberts, Z. Ye, X.-Z. Liu, Y. Dong, A. Martini, R. W. Carpick, Phys. Rev. B, 88, 035409/1-0 (2013). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.88.035409
  76. Mechanics of interaction and atomic-scale wear of amplitude modulation atomic force microscopy probes. V. Vahdat, D.S. Grierson, K.T. Turner, R.W. Carpick, ACS Nano, 7, 3221–3235 (2013). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/nn305901n
  77. A numerical contact model based on real surface topography. C.K. Bora, M.E. Plesha, R.W. Carpick, Trib. Lett., 50, 331-347 (2013). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-013-0128-8 
  78. The effect of atomic-scale roughness on the adhesion of nanoscale asperities: A combined simulation and experimental investigation. T.D.B. Jacobs, K.E. Ryan, P.L. Keating, D.S. Grierson, J.A. Lefever, K.T. Turner, J.A. Harrison, R.W. Carpick, Trib. Lett., 50, 81-93 (2013). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-012-0097-3 
  79. Nanoscale wear as a stress-assisted chemical reaction. T.D.B. Jacobs and R.W. Carpick, Nature Nanotech., 8, 108-12 (2013). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2012.255
  80. Correlation between probe shape and atomic friction peaks at graphite step edges. Y. Dong, X.-Z. Li, P. Egberts, Z. Ye, R.W. Carpick, A. Martini., Trib. Lett. 50, 49-57 (2013). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-012-0072-z 
  81. Ultrananocrystalline diamond tip integrated onto a heated atomic force microscope cantilever. H.J. Kim, N. Moldovan, J.R. Felts, S. Somnath, Z. Dai, T.D. B. Jacobs, R.W. Carpick, J.A. Carlisle, and W.P. King, Nanotechnology, 23, 495302/1-9 (2012).
    DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/23/49/495302
  82. Adhesion of nanoscale asperities with power-law profiles. D.S. Grierson, J. Liu, R.W. Carpick, K.T. Turner, J. Mech. Phys. Sol., 61, 597-610, (2012). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jmps.2012.09.003
  83. Angle-resolved environmental X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy: A new laboratory setup for photoemission studies at pressures up to 0.4 Torr. F. Mangolini, J. Åhlund, G.E. Wabiszewski, V.P. Adiga,, P. Egberts, F. Streller, K. Backlund, P. Karlsson, B. Wannberg, and R.W. Carpick, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 83, 093112/1-10 (2012). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.4754127
  84. Tribological properties of nanodiamond-epoxy composites. I. Neitzel, V. Mochalin, J. A. Bares, R. W. Carpick, A. Erdemir, Y.Gogotsi. Trib. Lett., 47, 195–202 (2012). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-012-9978-8
  85. Nanocrystalline diamond AFM tip for chemical force microscopy: fabrication and photochemical functionalization. M.E. Drew, A.R. Konicek, P. Jaroenapibal, R.W. Carpick, Y. Yamakoshi. J. Mater. Chem., 22, 12682–88 (2012). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1039/c2jm16209a
  86. Controlling nanoscale friction through the competition between capillary adsorption and thermally-activated sliding. C. Greiner, J.R. Felts, Z. Dai, W.P. King, and R.W. Carpick. ACS Nano, 6, 4305–13 (2012). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/nn300869w 
  87. Influence of surface passivation on the friction and wear behavior of ultrananocrystalline diamond and tetrahedral amorphous carbon thin films. A.R. Konicek, D.S. Grierson, A.V. Sumant, T.A. Friedmann, J.P. Sullivan, P.U.P.A. Gilbert, W.G. Sawyer, and R.W. Carpick. Phys. Rev. B., 85, 155448/1-13 (2012). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.155448 
  88. Thermomechanical stability of ultrananocrystalline diamond. V.P. Adiga, S. Suresh, A. Datta, J.A. Carlisle, R.W. Carpick, J. Appl. Phys., 111, 054913/1-5 (2012). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.3693308
  89. Wear-resistant nanoscale silicon carbide tips for scanning probe applications, M.A. Lantz, B. Gotsmann, P. Jaroenapibal, T.D.B. Jacobs, S.D. O’Connor, K. Sridharan, R.W. Carpick, Adv. Funct. Mater., 22, 1639–45 (2012). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201102383
  90. Advances in manufacturing of molded tips for scanning probe microscopy. N. Moldovan, Z. Dai, J.A. Carlisle, T.D.B. Jacobs, V. Vahdat, D.S. Grierson, J. Liu, K.T. Turner, R.W. Carpick, J. Microelectromech S., 21, 431-42 (2012). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1109/jmems.2011.2174430
  91. The vibrational properties and specific heat of ultrananocrystalline diamond based on molecular dynamics simulations. S.P. Adiga, V.P. Adiga, R.W. Carpick, and D.W. Brenner, J. Phys. Chem. C, 115, 21691–99 (2011). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/jp207424m
  92. Accelerating innovation: The Nanotechnology Institute. A.P. Green, E. Chen, K. Pourrezaei, M. Marcolongo, R.W. Carpick, Nanotech. Law & Business 8, 176-93 (2011). [pdf]
  93. Frictional ageing from interfacial bonding and the origins of rate and state friction. Q. Li, T.E. Tullis, D. Goldsby, R.W. Carpick, Nature, 480, 233-36 (2011). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1038/nature10589 
  94. Atomic friction modulation on the reconstructed Au (111) surface. Q. Li, Y. Dong, A. Martini, R.W. Carpick, Tribol. Lett. 43, 369-78 (2011). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-011-9824-4 
  95. Near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure imaging of spherical and flat counterfaces of ultrananocrystalline diamond tribological contacts: A correlation of surface chemistry and friction A.R. Konicek, C. Jaye, M.A. Hamilton, W.G. Sawyer, D.A. Fischer and R.W. Carpick, Tribol. Lett., 44, 99-106 (2011). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-011-9832-4
  96. Speed dependence of atomic stick-slip friction in optimally matched experiments and molecular dynamics simulations. Q. Li, Y. Dong, D. Perez, A. Martini, R. W. Carpick, Phys. Rev. Lett., 106, 126101/1-4 (2011). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.126101 
  97. Substrate effect on thickness-dependent friction on graphene. Q. Li, C. Lee, R.W. Carpick, and J. Hone. Phys. Stat. Sol. B, 247, 2909-14 (2010). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1002/pssb.201000555 
  98. Local nanoscale heating modulates single-asperity friction. C. Greiner, J.R. Felts, Z. Dai, W.P. King, and R.W. Carpick, Nano Lett., 10, 4640-45 (2010). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/nl102809k
  99. Method for characterizing nanoscale wear of atomic force microscope tips. J. Liu, J. Notbohm, K.T. Turner and R.W. Carpick, ACS Nano, 4, 3763-72 (2010). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/nn100246g
  100. * Atomistic origins of adhesion for diamond and nanocomposite diamond surfaces. J.A. Harrison, R.J. Cannara, G. Gao, P. Piotrowski, D. Schall, J. Urban and R.W. Carpick, J. Adhes. Sci. Technol., 24, 2471-98 (2010). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1163/016942410X508208 
  101. On the application of transition state theory to atomic-scale wear. T.D. Jacobs, B. Gotsmann, M.A. Lantz and R.W. Carpick, Tribol. Lett., 39, 257-71 (2010). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-010-9635-z
  102. Wear resistant diamond nanoprobe tips with integrated silicon heater for tip-based nanomanufacturing. P.C. Fletcher, J.R. Felts, Z. Dai, T.D. Jacobs, H. Zeng, W. Lee, P.E. Sheehan, J.A. Carlisle, R.W. Carpick and W.P. King, ACS Nano, 4, 3338-44 (2010). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/nn100203d
  103. Preventing nanoscale wear of atomic force microscopy tips through the use of monolithic ultrananocrystalline diamond probes. J. Liu, D. S. Grierson, N. Moldovan, J. Notbohm, S. Li, P. Jaroenapibal, S. D. O’Connor, A. V. Sumant, N. Neelakantan, J. A. Carlisle, K. T. Turner, R. W. Carpick. Small, 6, 1140-9 (2010). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1002/smll.200901673
  104. Frictional characteristics of atomically thin sheets. C. Lee, Q. Li, W. Kalb, X.-Z. Liu, H. Berger, R. W. Carpick, J. Hone. Science, 328, 76-80 (2010). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1126/science.1184167
  105. Thermal stability and rehybridization of carbon bonding in tetrahedral amorphous carbon. D. S. Grierson, A. V. Sumant, A. R. Konicek, T. A. Friedmann, J. P. Sullivan, R. W. Carpick. J. Appl. Phys., 107, 033523/1-5 (2010). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.3284087 
  106. Ultralow nanoscale wear through atom-by-atom attrition in silicon-containing diamond-like carbon. H. Bhaskaran, B. Gotsmann, A. Sebastian, U. Drechsler, M.A. Lantz, M. Despont, P. Jaroenapibal, R.W. Carpick, Y. Chen, K. Sridharan. Nat. Nanotechnol., 5, 181-5 (2010). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2010.3
  107. Elastic and frictional properties of graphene. Changgu Lee, Xiaoding Wei, Qunyang Li, Robert Carpick, Jeffrey W. Kysar, James Hone. Phys. Status Solidi B, 246, 2562-67 (2009). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1002/pssb.200982329 
  108. Transformations in wrinkle patterns: Cooperation between nanoscale cross-linked surface layers and the submicrometer bulk in wafer-spun, plasma-treated polydimethylsiloxane. H. T. Evensen, H. Jiang, K. W. Gotrik, F. Denes, R. W. Carpick. Nano Lett., 9, 2884-90 (2009). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/nl901136u 
  109. Piezoelectric aluminum nitride nanoelectromechanical actuators. N. Sinha, G.E. Wabiszewski, R.Mahameed, V.V. Felmetsger, S.M. Tanner, R.W. Carpick, G. Piazza. Appl. Phys. Lett., 95, 053106/1-3 (2009). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.3194148 
  110. Characterization of microscale wear in a polysilicon-based MEMS device using AFM and PEEM-NEXAFS Spectromicroscopy. D.S. Grierson, A.R. Konicek, G.E. Wabiszewski, A.V. Sumant, M.P. de Boer, A.D. Corwin, R.W. Carpick. Tribol. Lett. 36, 233-8 (2009). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-009-9478-7 
  111. Mechanical stiffness and dissipation in ultrananocrystalline diamond microresonators. V.P. Adiga, A.V. Sumant, S. Suresh, C. Gudeman, O. Auciello, J.A. Carlisle, R.W. Carpick. Phys. Rev. B, 79, 245403/1-8 (2009). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.79.245403
  112. Analyzing the performance of diamond coated micro end mills. C.D. Torres, P.J. Heaney, A.V. Sumant, M.A. Hamilton, R.W. Carpick, F.E. Pfefferkorn. Int. J. Machine Tools Manufacture, 49, 599-612 (2009). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2009.02.001
  113. Origin of ultralow friction and wear in ultrananocrystalline diamond. A. R. Konicek, D. S. Grierson, P. U. P. A. Gilbert, W. G. Sawyer, A. V. Sumant and R. W. Carpick. Phys. Rev. Lett., 100(23) 235502/1-4 (2008). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.235502 
  114. Diamond coatings for micro end mills: Enabling the dry machining of aluminum at the micro-scale. P.J. Heaney, A.V. Sumant, C.D. Torres, R.W. Carpick, F.E. Pfefferkorn, Diam. Rel. Mat., 17, 223-233 (2008). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1016/j.diamond.2007.12.009
  115. * Invited Review Article: Recent advances in single-asperity nanotribology. I. Szlufarska, M. Chandross, R.W. Carpick, J. Phys D: Appl. Phys., 41 (2008). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/41/12/123001 
  116. Synthesis and characterization of smooth ultra-nanocrystalline diamond films via low pressure bias-enhanced nucleation and growth, Y. C. Chen, X. Y. Zhong, A. R. Konicek, D.S. Grierson, N. H. Tai, I. N. Lin, B. Kabius, J. M. Hiller, A. V. Sumant, R. W. Carpick, O. Auciello, Appl. Phys. Lett., 92, 133113/1-3 (2008). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.2838303 
  117. Negative stiffness and enhanced damping of individual multiwalled carbon nanotubes. H. W. Yap, R. S. Lakes, and R. W. Carpick, Phys. Rev. B, 77, 045423/1-7 (2008). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.77.045423 
  118. Surface chemistry and bonding configuration of ultrananocrystalline diamond surfaces and their effects on nanotribological properties. A. V. Sumant, D. S. Grierson, J. E. Gerbi, J. A. Carlisle, O. Auciello, and R. W. Carpick, Phys. Rev. B, 76, 235429/1-11 (2007). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.76.235429 
  119. Are diamonds a MEMS’ best friend? O. Auciello, S. Pacheco, A.V. Sumant, C. Gudeman, S. Sampath, A. Datta, R.W. Carpick, V.P. Adiga, P. Zurcher, Z. Ma, H.C. Yuan, J.A. Carlisle, B. Kabius, J. Hiller, S. Srinivasan, IEEE Microwave Magazine, 8 61-75 (2007). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1109/mmm.2007.907816 
  120. Dielectric properties of hydrogen-incorporated chemical vapor deposited diamond thin films. C. Liu, X. Xiao, J. Wang, B. Shi, V.P. Adiga, R.W. Carpick, J.A. Carlisle, and O. Auciello J. Appl. Phys., 102 074115/1-7 (2007). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.2785874
  121. Nanoscale friction varied by isotopic shifting of surface vibrational frequencies. R.J. Cannara, M.J Brukman, A.V. Sumant, K. Cimatu, S. Baldelli, and R.W. Carpick, Science, 318 (5851) 780-3 (2007). [pdf]
    [Supplementary Material]
    DOI: 10.1126/science.1147550 
  122. Tribochemistry and material transfer for the ultrananocrystalline diamond-silicon nitride interface revealed by X-PEEM spectromicroscopy. D.S. Grierson, A.V. Sumant, A.R. Konicek, M. Abrecht, J. Birrell, O. Auciello, J.A. Carlisle, T.W. Scharf, M.T. Dugger, P.U.P.A. Gilbert, and R.W. Carpick. J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B, 25 1700-5 (2007). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1116/1.2782428
  123. * Invited Review Article: Nanotribology of carbon-based materials. D.S. Grierson and R.W. Carpick, Nano Today, 2 12-21 (2007). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1016/S1748-0132(07)70139-1 
  124. Nanotribology of octadecyltrichlorosilane monolayers and silicon: Self-mated vs. unmated interfaces and local packing density effects. E.E. Flater, W.R. Ashurst, and R.W. Carpick, Langmuir, 23 (18) 9242-52 (2007). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/la063644e
  125. Mechanical instabilities of individual multi-walled carbon nanotubes under uniaxial loading. H.W. Yap, R.S. Lakes, and R.W. Carpick, Nano Lett., 7 1149-54 (2007). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/nl062763b
  126. Small amplitude reciprocating wear performance of diamond-like carbon films: Dependence of film composition and counterface material. J.A. Bares, A.V. Sumant, D.S. Grierson, R.W. Carpick, and K. Sridharan, Tribology Lett., 27 79-88 (2007). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-007-9209-x
  127. Atomic-scale friction on diamond: A comparison of different sliding directions on (001) and (111) surfaces using MD and AFM. G. Gao, R.J. Cannara, R.W. Carpick, and J.A. Harrison, Langmuir, 23 (10), 5394-405 (2007). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/la062254p 
  128. Surface composition, bonding, and morphology in the nucleation and growth of ultra-thin, high quality nanocrystalline diamond films. A.V. Sumant, P.U.P.A. Gilbert, D.S. Grierson, A.R. Konicek, M. Abrecht, J.E. Butler, T. Feygelson, S.S. Rotter, and R.W. Carpick, Diam. Rel. Mat., 16, 718-24 (2007). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1016/j.diamond.2006.12.011
  129. Predictions and observations of transitions in atomic-scale stick-slip friction. S.N. Medyanik, W.K. Liu, I.-H. Sung, and R.W. Carpick, Phys. Rev. Lett., 97 (13) 136106/1-4 (2006). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.136106
  130. The use of tungsten interlayers to enhance the initial nucleation and conformality of ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) thin films. N.N. Naguib, J.W. Elam, J. Birrell, J. Wang, D.S. Grierson, B. Kabius, J.M. Hiller, A.V. Sumant, R. W. Carpick, O. Auciello, and J.A. Carlisle, Chem. Phys. Lett., 430 (4-6) 345-50 (2006). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1016/j.cplett.2006.08.137
  131. Lateral force calibration in atomic force microscopy: A new lateral force calibration method and general guidelines for optimization. R.J. Cannara, M. Eglin, and R.W. Carpick, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 77, 53701/1-11 (2006). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.2198768
  132. Vibrations of the “beetle” scanning probe microscope: identification of a new mode, generalized analysis, and characterization methodology. M.J. Brukman and R.W. Carpick. Rev. Sci. Instrum., 77, 033706/1-7 (2006). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.2183266 
  133. Growth of mechanically fixed and isolated vertically-aligned carbon nanotubes and nanofibers for nanomechanical testing by DC-plasma-enhanced hot filament chemical vapor deposition. H.Y. Yap, B. Ramaker, A.V. Sumant, and R.W. Carpick, Diam. Rel. Mater., 15 (10), 1622-1628 (2006). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1016/j.diamond.2006.01.014
  134. Nanotribological properties of alkanephosphonic acid self-assembled monolayers on aluminum oxide: Effects of fluorination and substrate crystallinity. M.J. Brukman, G.O. Marco, T.D. Dunbar, L.D. Boardman, and R.W. Carpick, Langmuir, 22 3988-3998 (2006). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/la052847k
  135. Microparticle manipulation using inertial forces. M. Eglin, M.A. Eriksson, and R.W. Carpick, Appl. Phys. Lett., 88 091913/1-3 (2006). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.2172401
  136. In-situ wear studies of surface micromachined interfaces subject to controlled loading. E.E. Flater, A.D. Corwin, M.P. de Boer, and R.W. Carpick, Wear, 260 580-593 (2006). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2005.02.070
  137. Cantilever tilt compensation for variable-load atomic-force microscopy. R.J. Cannara, M.J. Brukman, and R.W. Carpick, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 76, 53706/1-6 (2005). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.1896624
  138. Multiscale roughness and modeling of MEMS interfaces. C. K. Bora, E.E. Flater, M.D. Street, J.M. Redmond, M.J. Starr, M.E. Plesha, and R.W. Carpick. Trib. Lett., 19, 37-48 (2005). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-005-4263-8
  139. Accounting for the JKR-DMT transition in adhesion and friction measurements with AFM. D.S. Grierson, E.E. Flater, and R.W. Carpick, J. Adhes. Sci. Technol., 19 (3-5) 291-311(2005). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1163/1568561054352685
  140. Toward the ultimate tribological interface: Surface chemical optimization and nanoscale single asperity properties of ultrananocrystalline diamond. A.V. Sumant, D.S. Grierson, J.E. Gerbi, J. Birrell, U.D. Lanke, O. Auciello, J.A. Carlisle, and R.W. Carpick, Adv. Mat., 17, 1039-1045 (2005). [pdf] [Supplementary Material]
    DOI: 10.1002/adma.200401264
  141. Phase imaging and the lever-sample tilt angle in dynamic atomic force microscopy. M.J. D’Amato, M.S. Marcus, M. A. Eriksson, and R.W. Carpick, Appl. Phys. Lett., 85 (20) 4738-40 (2004). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.1812839
  142. The role of contaminants in the variation of adhesion, friction, and electrical conduction properties of carbide-coated scanning probe tips and Pt(111) in ultrahigh vacuum. M. Enachescu, R.W. Carpick, D.F. Ogletree, and M. Salmeron, J. Appl. Phys., 95 (12) 7694 (2004). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.1738536
  143. * Invited Review Article: Polydiacetylene films: A review of recent investigations into chromogenic transitions and nanomechanical properties. R.W. Carpick, D.Y. Sasaki, M.S. Marcus, M. A. Eriksson, and A.R. Burns. J. Phys.: Cond. Matt., 16,(23), R679 -R697 (2004). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/16/23/R01 
  144. * Invited Review Article: Atomic-scale friction and its connection to fracture mechanics. R.W. Carpick, E.E. Flater, K. Sridharan, D.F. Ogletree, and M. Salmeron. JoM 56 (10) 48-52 (2004). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1007/s11837-004-0291-3
  145. In-plane contributions to phase contrast in intermittent contact atomic force microscopy. M. S. Marcus, M.A. Eriksson, D.Y. Sasaki, and R.W. Carpick, Ultramicroscopy, 97 (1-4) 145-50 (2003). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3991(03)00039-1 
  146. Nanotribology of CoCr-UHMWPE TJR prosthesis using atomic force microscopy. S. P. Ho, R. W. Carpick, T. Boland, and M. LaBerge, Wear, 253 (11-12) 1145-55 (2002). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1016/S0043-1648(02)00220-X
  147. Friction anisotropy revealed by phase contrast in intermittent contact atomic force microscopy. M. S. Marcus, R. W. Carpick, D. Y. Sasaki, and M.A. Eriksson, Phys. Rev. Lett., 88 (22) 226103/1-4 (2002). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.88.226103
  148. Abrasion of steel by ceramic coatings: Comparison of RF-DLC to sputtered B4C. S.J. Harris, G.G. Krauss, S.J. Simko, T.J. Potter, R.W. Carpick, B. Welbes, and M. Grischke, Tribology Lett., 12, 43-50 (2001). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1013923405551
  149. The influence of coating structure on micromachine stiction. J.G. Kushmerick, M.G. Hankins, M.P. de Boer, P.J. Clews, R.W. Carpick, and B.C. Bunker, Tribology Lett., 10 (1-2), 103-8 (2001). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1009082530479
  150. Shear-induced mechanochromism in polydiacetylene monolayers. A.R. Burns, R.W. Carpick, D. Y. Sasaki, J. A. Shelnutt, and R. Haddad, Tribology Lett., 10 (1-2), 89 (2001). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1009018110915
  151. Directional shear force microscopy. A.R. Burns and R.W. Carpick, Appl. Phys. Lett., 78, 317 (2001). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.1341225
  152. The impact of solution agglomeration on the deposition of self-assembled monolayers. B.C. Bunker, R.W. Carpick, R. Assink, M. Thomas, M.G. Hankins, J. Voigt, D. Sipola, M.P. de Boer, J. Martin, and G. Gulley, Langmuir 16 (20), 7742 (2000). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/la000502q 
  153. Acid-base interactions at the molecular level: Adhesion and friction studies with Interfacial Force Microscopy. A.R. Burns, J.E. Houston, R.W. Carpick, and T.A. Michalske. In: Acid-Base Interactions: Relevance to Adhesion Science and Technology, Volume 2, Ed. K. L. Mittal, (V.S.P. International Science) 2000.  [pdf]
  154. High molecular orientation in mono- and tri-layer polydiacetylene films imaged by atomic force microscopy. D. Y. Sasaki, R.W. Carpick, and A.R. Burns, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 229, 490 (2000). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1006/jcis.2000.7043 
  155. Spectroscopic ellipsometry and fluorescence study of thermochromism in an ultrathin poly(diacetylene) film: Reversibility and transition kinetics. R.W. Carpick, T.M. Mayer, D.Y.Sasaki, and A.R. Burns, Langmuir, 16 (10), 4639 (2000)[pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/la991580k
  156. First observation of mechanochromism at the nanometer scale. R.W. Carpick, D. Y. Sasaki, and A.R. Burns, Langmuir, 16, 1270 (2000). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/la990706a 
  157. Large friction anisotropy of a polydiacetylene monolayer. R.W. Carpick, D.Y. Sasaki, and A.R. Burns, Tribology Lett., 7 (2-3), 79 (1999). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1019113218650
  158. Observation of proportionality between friction and contact area. M. Enachescu, R.J.A. van den Oetelaar, R.W. Carpick, D.F. Ogletree, C.F.J. Flipse, and M. Salmeron, Tribology Lett., 7 (2-3), 73 (1999). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1019173404538
  159. Molecular level friction as revealed with a novel scanning probe. A.R. Burns, J.E. Houston, R.W. Carpick, and T.A. Michalske, Langmuir, 15, 2922 (1999)[pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/la981521r
  160. A general equation for fitting contact area and friction vs. load measurements. R.W. Carpick, D.F. Ogletree, and M. Salmeron, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 211, 395 (1999)[pdf]
    DOI: 10.1006/jcis.1998.6027
  161. Friction and molecular deformation in the tensile regime. A.R. Burns, J.E. Houston, R.W. Carpick, and T.A. Michalske, Phys. Rev. Lett., 82, 1181 (1999)[pdf]
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.1181
  162. An atomic force microscope study of an ideally hard contact: The diamond(111)/tungsten carbide interface. M. Enachescu, R.J.A van den Oetelaar, R.W. Carpick, D.F. Ogletree, C.F.J. Flipse, and M. Salmeron, Phys. Rev. Lett., 81, 1877 (1998). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1877
  163. Friction force microscopy investigations of potassium halide surfaces in ultrahigh vacuum: Structure, friction and surface modification. R.W. Carpick, D.F. Ogletree, and M. Salmeron. Tribology Lett., 5, 91 (1998). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1019112901870 
  164. * Invited Review Article: Scratching the surface: Fundamental investigations of tribology with atomic force microscopy. R.W. Carpick and M. Salmeron, Chemical Reviews 97, 1163 (1997). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/cr960068q 
  165. The use of capacitance to measure surface forces. 2. Application to the study of contact mechanics. P. Frantz, A. Artsyukhovich, R.W. Carpick, and M. Salmeron. Langmuir 13 (22), 5957 (1997). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/la9702650
  166. Lateral stiffness: A new nanomechanical measurement for the determination of shear strengths with friction force microscopy. R.W. Carpick, D.F. Ogletree, and M. Salmeron. Appl. Phys. Lett. 70 (12), 1548 (1997). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.118639
  167. Calibration of frictional forces in atomic force microscopy. D.F. Ogletree, R.W. Carpick, and M. Salmeron, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 3298 (1996). [pdf] [Additional updated information]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.1147411
  168. Variation of the interfacial shear strength and adhesion of a nanometer-sized contact. R.W. Carpick, N. Agraït, D.F. Ogletree, and M. Salmeron, Langmuir 12 (13), 3334 (1996). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/la9509007
  169. Measurement of interfacial shear (friction) with an ultra-high vacuum atomic force microscope. R.W. Carpick, N. Agraït, D.F. Ogletree, and M. Salmeron, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 14, 1289 (1996). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1116/1.589083
  170. Imaging and manipulation of nanometer size liquid droplets by scanning polarization force microscopy. J. Hu, R.W. Carpick, M. Salmeron, and X.-D. Xiao, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 14, 1341 (1996). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1116/1.589093
  171. A variable temperature ultrahigh vacuum atomic force microscope. Q. Dai, R. Völlmer, R.W. Carpick, D.F. Ogletree, and M. Salmeron, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66 (11), 5266 (1995). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.1146097
  172. Raman study of oxygen in the oxide superconductor Bi2CaSr2Cu2O8+d. Y.H. Shi, M.J.G Lee, M. Moskovits, R. Carpick, A. Hsu, B.W. Statt, and Z. Wang. Phys. Rev. B 45, 370 (1992). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.45.370
  173. Laser heating of a sintered oxide superconductor. Y.H. Shi, M.J.G. Lee, M. Moskovits, A. Hsu, and R. Carpick, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 1915 (1991). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1063/1.349473

Invited Perspectives

  1. Let it slip. R.W. Carpick and R. Bennewitz, Nature Physics, 10, 410 (2014). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1038/nphys2985
  2. Friction at the Atomic Scale. P. Egberts and R.W. Carpick, Physics, 6, 102 (2013). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1103/Physics.6.102
  3. Materials science: A sense for touch. C.M. Mate and R.W. Carpick, Nature, 480, 189-90 (2011). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1038/480189a
  4. Controlling friction. R.W. Carpick, Science, 313, 184-185 (2006). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1126/science.1130420

Invited Technical Magazine Articles

  1. Ultrananocrystalline and nanocrystalline diamond thin films for MEMS/NEMS applications. A.V. Sumant, O. Auciello, R.W. Carpick, S. Srinivasan and J.E. Butler, MRS Bull., 35, 281-288 (2010). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1557/mrs2010.550
  2. Measurements of in-plane materials properties with SPM. R.W. Carpick and M.A. Eriksson, MRS Bulletin, 29, 472 (2004). [pdf]
  3. Vacuum applications of the atomic force microscope are enabling nanotechnology. R. W. Carpick, Vacuum Solutions, 1 (18), 15 (2000). [pdf]

Refereed Conference Proceedings (* – invited paper)

  1. Novel materials solutions and simulations for nanoelectromechanical switches. Streller, G.E. Wabiszewski, D.B. Durham, F. Yang, J. Yang, Y. Qi, D.J. Srolovitz, A.M. Rappe, and R.W. Carpick, Proc. IEEE Holm Conf., 61, 363-69 (2015).
  2. Effectiveness of oxygen plasma versus UHV bakeout in cleaning MEMS switch surfaces. C. Oh, F. Streller, R.W. Carpick, and M.P. de Boer, IEEE Holm Conf. 61, 358-62 (2015).
  3. Next-generation nanoelectromechanical switch contact materials: A low-power mechanical alternative to fully electronic field-effect transistors, F. Streller, G.E. Wabiszewski, and R.W. Carpick, IEEE Nanotec. Mag. 9, 18-24 (2015).
  4. Heated atomic force microscope cantilevers with wear-resistant ultrananocrystalline diamond tips, H.J. Kim, N. Moldovan, J.R. Felts, S. Somnath, Z. Dai, T.D.B. Jacobs, R.W. Carpick, J.A. Carlisle, W.P. King, 2013 IEEE 26th International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS), 245-248 (2013). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1109/MEMSYS.2013.6474223
  5. The vibrational properties of ultrananocrystalline diamond based on molecular dynamics simulations. S. P. Adiga, V. P. Adiga, R. W. Carpick and D. W. Brenner, in Phonons in Nanomaterials—Theory, Experiments, and Applications, edited by S. L. Shinde, D. H. Hurley, G. P. Srivastava and M. Yamaguchi (MRS Symposium Proceedings 1404E, Warrendale, PA, 2011), MRSF11-1404-W01-03 [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1557/opl.2012.268
  6. Charging characteristics of ultra-nano-crystalline diamond in RF MEMS capacitive switches. C. Goldsmith, A. Sumant, O. Auciello, J. Carlisle, H. Zeng, J.C.M. Hwang, C. Palego, W. Wang, R. Carpick, V.P. Adiga, A. Datta, C. Gudeman, S. O’Brien, and S. Sampath. 2010 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium – MTT 2010, 1246-1249 (2010). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1109/MWSYM.2010.5518076
  7. Comparing the adhesion of aluminum to nanocrystalline diamond and tungsten carbide: Consequences for micromanufacturing. V.P. Adiga, S. Sanon, C.D. Torres, P.J. Heaney, A.V. Sumant, F.E. Pfefferkorn and R.W. Carpick, 4th International Conference on Micromanufacturing (ICOMM/4M) (2010). [pdf]
  8. Assessment of the mechanical integrity of silicon and diamond-like-carbon coated silicon atomic force microscope probes. J. Liu, D.S. Grierson, K. Sridharan, R.W. Carpick, and K.T. Turner. Proceedings of the SPIE – The International Society for Optical Engineering, 7767, 776708 (2010). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1117/12.861789
  9. Temperature dependence of nanoscale friction investigated with thermal AFM probes. C. Greiner, J.R. Felts, Z. Dai, W.P. King and R.W. Carpick, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 1226 (2009). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1557/PROC-1226-II05-02
  10. * Invited Paper: Large Area Low Temperature Ultrananocrystalline Diamond (UNCD) Films and Integration with CMOS Devices for Monolithically Integrated Diamond MEMS/NEMS-CMOS Systems. A. V. Sumant, O. Auciello, H.-C. Yuan, Z. Ma, R. W. Carpick, D. C. Mancini. Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications, Eds. T. George, M. S. Islam and A. K. Dutta, Proc. of SPIE, 7318, 731817, p. 1-7 (2009). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1117/12.822794
  11. * Invited Paper: Temperature dependence of mechanical stiffness and dissipation in ultrananocrystalline diamond. V. P. Adiga, A. V. Sumant, S. Suresh, C. Gudeman, O. Auciello, J. A. Carlisle, R. W. Carpick. Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications, Eds. T. George, M. S. Islam and A. K. Dutta, Proc. of SPIE, 7318, 731818, p. 1-9 (2009). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1117/12.822795
  12. Cutting performance of NCD coated end mills under non-lubricated and lubricated conditions. C.D. Torres, P.J. Heaney, A.V. Sumant, R.W. Carpick, F.E. Pfefferkorn. Proceedings of the Global Conference on Micro Manufacturing (4M/ICOMM 2009), Karlsruhe, Germany, Sept. 23-25, 2009.
    DOI: 10.3850/4M2009RP001_9057
  13. Ultra Thin AlN piezoelectric nano-actuators. N. Sinha, G.E. Wabiszewski, R. Mahameed, V. Felmetsger, S. Tanner, R.W. Carpick and G. Piazza, 15th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers 2009), Denver, Colorado, USA, 21-25 June 2009, pp. 469-472. [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1109/SENSOR.2009.5285460
  14. Contact mechanics description of inelastic displacement response of a nanopositioning device. M.J. Starr, E.D. Reedy, A.D. Corwin, R.W. Carpick, and E.E. Flater, Proc. 2005 Int. Conf. on MEMS, NANO and Smart Systems, 421-2 (2005). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1109/ICMENS.2005.3
  15. Nanoscale confinement and ordering of ultrathin anodized alumina nanopore structures on silicon. P.J. Griffin, R.W. Carpick, and D.S. Stone, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 854E, U11.5.1-6 (2005). [pdf]
  16. Modeling multi-scale contact in MEMS. Can K. Bora, M.E. Plesha, E.E. Flater, M.D. Street, and R.W. Carpick, Proc. of the 2004 ASME/STLE Joint International Tribology Conference (2004). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1007/s11249-005-4263-8
  17. Pre-sliding tangential deflections can govern the friction of MEMS devices. A.D. Corwin, M.D. Street, R.W. Carpick, W.R. Ashurst, and M.P. de Boer, Proc. of the 2004 ASME/STLE Joint International Tribology Conference (2004). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1115/TRIB2004-64360
  18. Making, breaking, and sliding of nanometer-scale contacts. R.W. Carpick, M. Enachescu, D.F. Ogletree and M. Salmeron, in Fracture and Ductile vs. Brittle Behavior-Theory, Modeling and Experiment, eds. G.E. Beltz, R.L.B. Selinger, K.-S. Kim, and M.P. Marder, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 539, 93-101 (1999). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1557/PROC-539-93

Conference Papers

  1. Nanoscale friction and adhesion behavior for few-layer graphene, X.Z. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Changgu, B. Zhang, J. Hone, & R.W. Carpick, Tribology & Lubrication Technology, 67, 12-15 (2011) [pdf]
  2. Geometrical Effects in Contact Mechanics: From Atomic Membranes to Evolving Asperities. R.W. Carpick, T.D. B. Jacobs, X.-Z. Liu, Q. Li. Proc. 8th Int. Conf. on Flow Dynamics (ICFD 2011), Nov. 9-11, 2011, Sendai, Japan.
  3. Nano-Scale Forces, Stresses, and Tip Geometry Evolution of Amplitude Modulation Atomic Force Microscopy Probes. V. Vahdat, D.S. Grierson, K.T. Turner, R. W. Carpick. Proc. ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2011, Aug. 29-31, 2011, Washington, DC.
    DOI: 10.1115/DETC2011-48653
  4. Energy Efficient Piezoelectric Aluminum Nitride Nano Switches for Mechanical Computing. Z. Guo, N. Sinha, G.E. Wabiszewski, G. Piazza, R.W. Carpick and A. De Hon. Proc. Government Microcircuit Applications and Critical Technologies Conference GOMACTech11, March 21-24, 2011 Orlando, FL. USA.
  5. Mechanics of Tip-Sample Contacts for Interpreting AFM Pull-Off Force Measurements, D.S. Grierson, J. Liu, R.W. Carpick & K.T. Turner. Proceedings of the 33nd Annual Meeting of the Adhesion Society, (2010).
  6. Nanoscale wear of atomic force microscope probes, J. Liu, J.K. Notbohm, R.W. Carpick, and K.T. Turner, Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the Adhesion Society, (2009).
  7. Ultra Thin AlN Piezoelectric Nano-Actuators. N. Sinha, G.E. Wabiszewski, R. Mahameed, V. Felmetsger, S. Tanner, R.W. Carpick and G. Piazza, Proc. 15th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems, June 21-25, 2009 Denver, CO, USA. [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1109/SENSOR.2009.5285460
  8. On the Scientific and Technological Importance of Nanotribology. R.W. Carpick, Proceedings of the STLE/ASME International Joint Tribology Conference, IJTC 2008, October 20-22, 2008, Miami, Florida, USA. [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1115/IJTC2008-71249
  9. Environmental Performance Limits of Ultrananocrystalline Diamond Films. Matthew A. Hamilton, Andrew R. Konicek, Anirudha V. Sumant, David S. Grierson, Orlando Auciello, W. Gregory Sawyer, Robert W. Carpick. Proceedings of the STLE/ASME International Joint Tribology Conference, IJTC 2008. October 20-22, 2008, Miami, Florida, USA. [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1115/IJTC2008-71198
  10. Characterizing Performance and Impact of Nanocrystalline Diamond Coatings on Micro End Milling. Christopher D. Torres, Patrick J. Heaney, Matthew A. Hamilton, Anirudha V. Sumant, Robert W. Carpick, Frank E. Pfefferkorn, Proc. Int. Conf. on Micromanufac. 75, 2008. [pdf]
  11. Effect of nanocrystalline diamond coatings on micro-end milling performance. P. Heaney, C. Torres, A.V. Sumant, R.W. Carpick, and F. Pfefferkorn, Proc. Int. Conf. on Micromanufac., 7, 2006. [pdf]
  12. Atomic scale friction and its connections to fracture. R.W. Carpick, Proc. of the 11th International Conference on Fracture, Turin, Italy, March 20-25, 2005. [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1007/s11837-004-0291-3
  13. Contact modeling of SAM-coated polysilicon asperities. E. D. Reedy, M. J. Starr, R. E. Jones, E. E. Flater, and R. W. Carpick, Proc. of the 28th Annual Meeting of the Adhesion Society Meeting, Mobile AL, Feb. 2005. [pdf]
  14. Analysis of contact forces using AFM data of polycrystalline silicon surfaces. M.J. Starr, H. Sumali, J.M. Redmond, E.E. Flater, and R.W. Carpick, Proc. of the SEM X International Congress and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Costa Mesa, CA, July 2004. [pdf]
  15. The effect of surface chemistry and structure on nano-scale adhesion and friction. R.W. Carpick, E.E. Flater, and K. Sridharan, PMSE Preprints, 90, 197, (2004). [pdf]
  16. Friction in MEMS: From single to multiple asperity contact. R.W. Carpick, E.E. Flater, J.R. VanLangendon, and M.P. de Boer, Proc. of the SEM VIII International Congress and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, p. 282 (2002). [pdf]
  17. Nanometer-scale studies of anisotropic polymer surfaces. R.W. Carpick, M.S. Marcus, M.J. D’Amato, D.Y. Sasaki, and M. A. Eriksson, Polym. Preprints, 88, 499 (2003).
  18. Oxide nanocomposites for MEMS applications. R.R. O’Keefe, R.W. Carpick, R.F. Cooper, W.J. Drugan, and D.S. Stone, Proc. of the SEM VIII International Congress and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, p. 160 (2002). [pdf]
  19. Nano-scale topographic control of polymer surfaces via buckling instabilities. S. Zhao, F. Denes, S. Manolache, and R.W. Carpick, Proc. of the SEM VIII International Congress and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, p. 162 (2002). [pdf]
  20. Mechanical analysis and measurement of scanning probe microscope performance. M.J. Brukman and R.W. Carpick, Proc. of the SEM VIII International Congress and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, p. 49 (2002). [pdf]
  21. Frictional and adhesive properties of diamond-like carbon/ silicon nitride nanocontacts. E.E. Flater, J.R. VanLangendon, E.H. Wilson, K. Sridharan, and R.W. Carpick, Proc. of the SEM VIII International Congress and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, p. 42 (2002). [pdf]
  22. Thermochromic transitions of (poly)diacetylene molecular layers. R.W. Carpick, D.Y. Sasaki, T.M. Mayer, and A.R. Burns, Polym. Preprints, (2001). [pdf]
  23. Nanocontacts: Fabrication, characterization, and nanotribology studies. R.W. Carpick, J. R. VanLangedon, E. H. Wilson, and K. Sridharan, Proc. of the SEM VII International Congress and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, 725 (2001). [pdf]
  24. Nanometer-scale structural, tribological, and optical properties of ultrathin poly(diacetylene) films. R.W. Carpick, D.Y. Sasaki, and A.R. Burns, Polym. Preprints., 41, 1458 (2000). [pdf]
  25. Friction and load on well defined surfaces studied by atomic force microscopy. D.F. Ogletree, J. Hu, X.-D. Xiao, C. Morant, Q. Dai, R. Völlmer, R. Carpick, and M. Salmeron, Forces in Scanning Probe Methods, eds. H.-J. Güntherodt, D. Anselmetti and E. Meyer, 337-344. NATO ASI Series E: Applied Sciences. Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1995.
    DOI: 10.1007/978-94-011-0049-6_31

Books/Chapters in Books (* – invited chapter in book)

  1. * Understanding the Tip–Sample Contact: An Overview of Contact Mechanics from the Macro- to the Nanoscale T.D.B. Jacobs, C.M. Mate, K.T. Turner, and R.W. Carpick, in Scanning Probe Microscopy in Industrial Applications: Nanomechanical Characterization (Ed. D. Yablon) Wiley, 2014.
    DOI: 10.1002/9781118723111.ch2
  2. * Atomic-Level Stick-Slip. R.W. Carpick and R.J. Cannara, in Encyclopedia of Tribology (Eds. Q.J. Wang and Y.W. Chung) Springer, 2012.
  3. * Surface Energy and Surface Forces. R.W. Carpick, in Micro and Nano Scale Phenomena in Tribology (Ed. Y.W. Chung) CRC Press, 2011.
  4. * Scanning probe studies of nano-scale adhesion between solids in the presence of liquids and monolayer films. R.W. Carpick, J.D. Batteas, and M.P. de Boer, in Handbook of Nanotechnology, 2nd Ed., (Ed. B. Bhushan) Springer, 2006. (Chapter in 1st Edition published 2004). [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-29857-1_32
  5. * Chromic transitions and nanomechanical properties of (poly)diacetylene molecular films. R.W. Carpick, A.R. Burns, D.Y. Sasaki, M. A. Eriksson, and M.S. Marcus, in Chromogenic Phenomena in Polymers: Tunable Optical Properties, (Eds. D. Kiserow and S.A. Jenekhe) Oxford University Press, 2004. [pdf]
    DOI: 10.1021/bk-2005-0888.ch006

Edited Journal Issues

  1. Co-guest Editor, Special Issue – Miquel B. Salmeron Festschrift, Phys. Chem., 122, 399-1008 (2018) (Ed. G.-y. Liu; Co-guest Editor J. Hemminger).

Educational Publications

  1. Integrating Nanoscale Science and Engineering Concepts into Undergraduate Engineering Classrooms. W.C. Crone, K.W. Lux, R.W. Carpick, D.S. Stone, E.E. Hellstrom, A.K. Bentley, G. Lisensky. 9th International Conference on Engineering Education (2006). [pdf]
  2. Integrating Nanoscale Science and Engineering Concepts into Mechanics and Materials Classrooms. W.C. Crone, K.W. Lux, R.W. Carpick, D.S. Stone, E.E. Hellstrom. Proc. of the SEM X International Congress and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, 72: 258 1-8 (2004). [pdf]
  3. Incorporating Nanotechnology into Undergraduate Education. W.C. Crone, R.W. Carpick, K.W. Lux. Proc. of the SEM IX International Congress and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, 19: 125, 1-6 (2003). [pdf]
  4. Incorporating Concepts of Nanotechnology into the Materials Science and Engineering Classroom. W.C. Crone, A.B. Ellis, G.C. Lisensky, S.M. Condren, D.S. Stone, A.K. Bentley, R.W. Carpick, A. Payne, K. Lux. Proc. Am. Soc. for Eng. Ed. Ann. Mtg., 1464 (2024) 1-11 (2003). [pdf]
  5. A Course in Micro- and Nanoscale Mechanics. W.C. Crone, R.W. Carpick, K.W. Lux, B.D. Johnson. Proc. Am. Soc. for Eng. Ed. Ann. Mtg., 1168 (2019) 1-10 (2003). [pdf]
  6. Who Wants to Be an Engineer? -or- Better Teaching through Game Shows. R.W. Carpick. Proc. Am. Soc. for Eng. Ed. Ann. Mtg., 556 (1630) 1-10, (2002). [pdf]

Patents Awarded

  1. W. Carpick, H. Khare, N.N. Gosvami, I. Lahouij, Systems and Methods for Nano-Tribological Manufacturing of Nanostructures. U.S. Patent number in process (allowed May, 2020).
  2. Lahouij, R.W. Carpick, A. Jackson, H. Khare, N.N. Gosvami, N. Demas, R. Erck, A. Greco, G. Fenske, W. Xu, G. Cooper, Z. Chen, Nano-Additives Enabled Advanced Lubricants, U.S. Patent 10,647,938 (May, 2020).
  3. W. Carpick, F. Streller, R. Agarwal, F. Mangolini, Thin Film Metal Silicides and Methods for Formation, U.S. Patent 10,535,526 (issued Jan. 14, 2020).
  4. W. Carpick, F. Streller, R. Agarwal, F. Mangolini, Thin Film Metal Silicides and Methods for Formation, U.S. Patent 10,032,635 (issued Jul. 24, 2018).
  5. W. Carpick, K. Sridharan, Method and Material for Protecting Magnetic Information Storage Media, U.S. Patent 9,478,244 (issued Oct. 25, 2016).
  6. L. Goldsmith, O.H. Auciello, A.V. Sumant, D.C. Mancini, C. Gudeman, S. Sampath, J.A. Carlilse, R.W. Carpick, J. Hwang. Electrostatic MEMS Device with High Reliability, U.S. Patent 8,963,659 (issued Feb. 24, 2015).
  7. Piazza, G., Nipun, S. Jones, T.S., Zhijun, G., Wabiszewski, G.E., Carpick, R.W., Dehon, A., Systems and Methods for Operating Piezoelectric Switches, U.S. Patent 8,552,621 (issued Oct. 8, 2013).
  8. Goldsmith, C.L., Auciello, O.H., Carlisle, J.A., Sampath, S., Sumant, A.V., Carpick, R.W., Hwang, J., Mancini, D.C., Gudeman, C., RF-MEMS Capacitive Switches with High Reliability, U.S. Patent 8,525,185 (issued Sept. 3, 2013).
  9. Sumant, A.V., Heaney, P.J., Carpick, R.W., Pfefferkorn, F.E., Nano-crystalline diamond coatings for micro-cutting tools, U.S. Patent 7,947,329 B2 (issued May 24, 2011).

Ph.D. Thesis

“The Study of Contact, Adhesion and Friction at the Atomic Scale by Atomic Force Microscopy”, Ph.D. Thesis, University of California at Berkeley, 1997.